How does the body respond to a Reduced Cardiac Output?
- The heart can raise the cardiac output by increasing the
vigor with which it empties. This raises the stroke volume.
- It can also raise the cardiac output by increasing the heart
rate, or by a combination of the increased heart rate and stroke volume.
- The stroke volume and heart rate are increased by the stimulation
of adrenaline which acts as the accelerator system for the heart.